Takt Time, the Unit of Time Available To Produce the Product
To produce the number of units of production following the request of the customer, then the product should perform the calculation of the speed of time which is indeed needed. The speed of time is commonly called the “takt time“.
However, most of us do not know and understand about the takt time. Therefore, on this occasion, we will discuss a complete about takt time and how to calculate it.
Understanding Takt Time
The word “takt” is taken from the German language, namely “Taktzeit”, which has a sense of the rhythm of the music. So, takt is the time to produce each unit of product to meet consumer demand or distributors.
Or in other words, the takt time is a speed that must be achieved by the production team to meet the needs of customers.
So, production management responsible for related to production should be able to regulate every process following the takt time that has been determined so that the number of units produced following the number for which is needed by the customer.
The example simply put, when takt time in making each unit of product a mask is 30 seconds, then every 30 seconds should be available a new unit that is produced by the production line in the company.
How To Calculate Takt Time
As previously we have already mentioned, takt time is the time required by the production units to produce each unit of product to be able to meet the demand of customers. Generally, the calculations that are inside involving the level of availability of the working time are reserved in making the number of products required.
Well, the formula of which can be used is as follows.
T = Ta / D
- T = Takt time
- Ta = Time Available (work Time net available)
- D = Demand (Customer Demand)
time available is the time of the network that is available and necessary for an activity of production. When a company is applying working hours as much as 8 hours or 480 minutes of work a day, then hours of work that have to minus the time of rest and a time range of non-productive other. For example 480 minutes – 60 minutes of break time = 420 minutes of work.
A company laptop is required to produce 1000 units of a laptop every day. Working hours of the company start from 8 a.m. until 4 p.m. or 8 hours with 60 minutes of break time. So, what is the takt time of the production to produce each unit of product?
Ta = 430 minutes
D = 1000 units
T = ?
T = Ta / D
T = 430 / 1000
T = 0,43 minutes or 25.8 seconds.
So, every 25,8 seconds working hours must be able to produce one unit of a new laptop.
The difference between Takt Time and Cycle Time
A lot of people assume that takt time and cycle time are two of the same parameters. Whereas the reality is very different.
When we take note of understanding between the two, takt time is the time required by the production line to meet the number of units requested by the customer. While the cycle time or cycle time is the time required to produce one unit of a product starting from the beginning to the end process.
To achieve the number of units requested by the customer, then the cycle time or the cycle time must be lower or equal to takt time.
So, What If the Demand On the Customer Decreases or Increases?
Most likely You will not be able to make predictions related to how much of the product will be purchased by Your customers. If indeed the customer demand decreases, then the takt time will increase. The less the level of demand, the higher the takt time.
On the contrary, when the level of customer demand increases, then the takt time was going down because of the need to do more production to meet customer demand.
Advantages Of The Implementation Of The System Takt Time
In the concept of lean manufacturing, this concept can provide a variety of advantages of the system and also the production process that runs every day. The variety of its advantages are as follows:
- Profit First
If You are not able to meet the time takt specified, then the worst thing that will happen is the problem of queues, delays, congestion, or, worse, not all customers can You serve well. Cycle time that we have don’t more slowly than the takt her.
It could be said that we can not meet the demand of customers when the cycle time that we have is slower than his time. That means, our ability to provide the goods or services slower than the time requested by the consumer.
- The Second Advantage
The calculation of the time takt above we can use to plan for the provision of the product or service in a more continuous, smoothly and also in the absence of obstacles.
A simple example of its application, a person has a cycle time of as much as 10 minutes to check a patient person. Well, when the time takt of his patients is 12 minutes, then the doctor could serve every patient smoothly.
However, when the takt time changed to 8 minutes, then the doctor will have problems in terms of the time of service. The best solution to solve the problem is to apply the concept of heijunka or leveling.
If You say to resolve the issue by speeding up the cycle time, then You are wrong. Because it speeds up the cycle time will cause a safety issue and also the level of customer satisfaction or patient.
- The Third Advantage
This method can avoid the company of existence of waste of excessive production to produce goods or services that are customized to the level of demand of the customers. Producing goods or services in the absence of demand is a waste.
For that, this method will be very useful to determine the best way if the company is already producing the goods or services following the level of customer demand. The trick is to compare the takt time and cycle time.
If takt time is faster than the cycle time, then it’s time for the company to add to the existing resources. However, if the takt time is still slower than the cycle time, then there is no reason for the management company to add resources.
When the takt time of his turns out to be much longer than the cycle time, then it should be evaluated to reduce the available resources.
- Benefit Fourth
This method can encourage companies to be able to build a system and way of working that is standardized, to improve the quality and efficiency of the company.
So that this concept can work well, it is necessary to standardize the work, to produce a time takt more standardized. When the cycle time has been standardized with good, then later the management of the company can compare it with the time takt.
So, we can build a production system that is more sustainable, high quality, and also more efficient.
Conversely, if the cycle time, the company does not have a standard, then this concept will not work optimally, due to the absence of a benchmark.
- The Advantage Of The Fifth
Allows the company to be able to set the target time to be able to produce employing reflecting that class to the implementation of staff related to the time they have to accomplish to produce goods or services.
By using takt time and also the cycle time, then we can perform the activities of production planning with the good. The management company can arrange the available resources for the production of goods or services following the customer’s request.
The result of all this is the target time to maintain quality and efficiency.
- The Advantage Of The Sixth
Facilitate the management of the company to set a range of possible scenarios of production that are constantly changing according to the demand of the customers.
With the takt time and cycle time, then we can make a variety of production scenarios following the customer’s request. We can plan how many resources are needed specifically in any conditions of the customer’s request are always different.
Thus the explanation from us about the takt time. So, we can conclude that the takt time is a speed that must be achieved by the production team to meet the needs of customers.
Apply the takt time will be very useful for the management of the production company that can customize the production of goods or services with the level of need of the consumer or customer.
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