Get to know more about various types of company organizational structures
Organizational structure is important for the development of companies and business entities. Because without it, it is certainly an effective bureaucracy that the effect of all activities within the company runs imperfect and not centralized in a control.
The organization structure is also one of the elements of the management that must be carried out by the company. You must know more about the organizational structure if you want any clarity status whether the business entity will be taken to the success path or vice versa.
A brief explanation of the structure of the company’s organization
The organizational structure in the company has various types and variations. Everything is needed in a business entity to launch every job. Without the organizational structure certainly it will not be clear who becomes superiors and subordinates.
Therefore, the type of organizational structure – this type must be actualized as much as possible in the company’s managerial planning. At least the tops must determine people who will in charge of a particular job.
So it will be clearly visible who is responsible for the team in a field. Of course this will facilitate the supervision of the boss, because it can directly check and Ricek to the person appointed as team leader.
Understanding the structure of the company’s organization
The company’s organizational structure is a particular component or work unit in a company or business entity. With this structure the boss can easily distribute tasks.
Conversely, if the company does not have a good company organizational structure, of course the division of tasks becomes unclear. Because there are no work sub units that are indeed in accordance with their abilities that can be given responsibilities.
Types of company organizational structures
The types of organizational structures in the company are very much tailored to the conditions and needs of the company. The following will be explained what these types of structures are explained. Here it is his explanation:
Type of company organizational structure according to generally view
According to the view, the type of organizational structure in Bdadan business is divided into two points. Namely the structure of formal organizations and informal organizational structures. Of these two structures will be mapped again into a type of more specialized organizational structure. Here it is his explanation:
Type of company organizational structure according to generally view
1. Formal Structure
Formal structures are organizational structures run by almost all companies, business entities and other institutions. One of the chairs is that everyone who enters the structure is put in the structure image.
The advantages of formal structures are the process of supervision easier because it is clearly anyone who has structural responsibilities. In addition, more neat communication channels guarantee the creation of a healthy bureaucracy.
While the shortcomings of this kind of structure are every customized work of existing structures. So that the loss of creativity, which is actually necessary in the company so that the work system is not too monotonous.
2. Informal structure
Informal structure is a structure of shadow information that runs without agreement and not tied with certain regulations. This kind of structure can be pinned to the discourse between subordinates with the Chairperson of the Foundation, which there must be recognition even though it is not in the membership structure.
The advantage of informal structures is to cause job assistance outside the existing structure. So there are shared creativity and performance to build a good business environment.
This means that with the informal structure of structural boundaries will be decreased to be more flexible. In this context sometimes subordinates can directly provide suggestions or aspirations to the boss even in terms of structuring there is a less appropriate jump.
Unfortunately with this informal structure, sometimes people don’t work according to their fields and some even interfere with other fields or jobs. This is also the cause of the emergence of sentiment if there is an unfair or unilateral work assistance.
The type of company organizational structure according to a special view
If in general view the type of company structure is only divided into two, then according to a more special view, the structure of the business organization is divided into several types. Here are the types of meant:
1. Functional structure
The functional structure is the most commonly used organizational structure of the company. The form of the structure usually provides organizations into several work units and incorporates the appropriate workers into these units.
The structure of functional organizations has an advantage of the boss can supervise more easily. But its disadvantages are in this structure management training is more limited and does not vary.
2. Committee / project organizational structure
The organizational structure of the Committee / Project is a structure that the field of leadership and other tasks are carried out collectively or together. This structure is born the term committee in the organization.
One of the advantages of this organizational structure is the synergy of the relationship between all the firms of the company well established. Because there is a fundamental basis as a step to determine the company’s policy.
3. Structure of the business
The business structure is an organizational structure based on the interests of developing business. The aim is that when carrying out business research has become wider.
This organizational structure is also in business entities both small and large scale. Because of the existence of a business structure, the workers seemed to be one vision, namely to advance the company but in different ways.
4. Work team structure
The work team structure is an organizational structure that is made not permanent or forever. But only temporal until the time limit has been determined.
Such structures are made usually when AA certain tasks must be done more focused. After the work is finished working, the work team can be dissolved or maintained.
Organizational structure elements in the company
Organizational design is the process of creating hierarchies in a company. Six elements of organizational design help business leaders establish a company department, command chain and overall structure. The most reviewed aspects of the organizational structure are organizational chart. Consider these six key aspects when making organizational design elements.
1. Work specialization
Work specialization is the first of the organizational structure element in companies. Business leaders must consider work assignments and special tasks related to the position given. Divide work assignments between different jobs and assign them to a definite level, is the role of element of work specialization. An example is to give the first person on the assembly line task uniting the first three components. The second person on the assembly line might then attach the sticker to the product, and the third person will insert the item into the box.
Leaders must be careful not to specialize in one job because this can cause boredom and fatigue. This produces more slow work and even a mistake. Managers can have a job assigned and adjust the role depending on how specialization works in one field.
2. Department and compartment
Departments and compartments are two other components of organizational design. The department is often a group of workers with the same overall function. They are often grouped by extensive categories such as functional, product, geographical, processes and customers. The General Department includes Accounting, Manufacturing, Customer Service, and Sales.
Compartments may have a team with different department members who are put together for efficiency. For example, companies that provide IT services for other businesses may have a team assigned to each company. Each team may have a project manager, graphic designer, coding specialist, security specialist, client representatives, and service providers.
3. Chain command
The command chain is what is usually described by the company’s organizational structure chart. This shows who reported to whom in the company’s human resource structure.
Some companies have more traditional hierarchies with leaders and executive departments that are very clearly responsible. Other companies use command chains and more complicated structures where more people are considered part of the same command level on the cross function team.
There are pros and cons for any model. What is important is that employees know what to expect them and how they get information flowing into the right channel. If an employee is not sure who the direct supervisor is because the command chain is unclear, he may not convey the right information to the right party.
4. Range of control
The control range is an organizational design element that considers the capacity of any manager. There are limitations of the number of people who can be watched and supervised by one person. Full range discusses this design element. If a manager has too many people to be supervised, he may lose his effectiveness and does not recognize the problem or success.
5. Culturalization and decentralization
Culturalization and decentralization are organizational design elements that determine the level of decision making at one central level or at various levels by employees. For example, all the main budget decisions will be filtered to the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer centrally. Customer service decisions may be decentralized so that those who interact with customer directives on how to deal with problems but authority to make certain decisions.
6. Formalization of elements
Smaller organizations tend to have informal elements where large organizations formalize roles more specifically. The smaller organizational reason using less formal standards is that employees can serve various roles as needed. Larger organizations need to formalize elements to ensure the right things are done on time and correctly.
Formalization can also be seen with certain job assignments. For example, there may be a very specific way of payroll to ensure that everyone is paid on time, with the correct cutting. The sales department may not be too formal, and may allow each representative to find the organic process so he can succeed.
Function of company organizational structure
If you already know the type of organizational structure in the whole business entity, then it will be explained about its functions. The goal is that your understanding of this one business component can be more complete. Here it is his explanation:
1. Work is done with responsibilities
The first function is that the responsibility of the member to the task given to him is higher. With the organizational structure of workers can realize that the task that must be done is indeed its field.
If the organizational structure has been formed, there should be no more assumption, “my work is not a lot!” Because the tupoks are not about the number of tasks but what the task will be done.
2. The position of all members of the organization does not overlap
With the organizational structure it can be known who is the chairman and who is subordinate in the company. Even the position in the smallest work unit can be known and can be used as the basis of command and policy regularity.
In addition, with the structure of the coordination organization between positions or the position will also run well. Because it has become clear what position can be invited to cooperate and who does not.
3. The division of tasks is easier
The function of the latter organizational structure is the division of its duties easier. Because what is called the exact structure of his positions has been formed according to their respective fields.
The supervisor only distributes tasks in accordance with positions in the structure. It is quite easy as well as the division of tasks does not fall in people or inappropriate positions.
Building a business or company requires mature planning including organizational structure in your company. With good organizational structures business development plans are becoming more targeted and the possibility of realizing all these bodies becomes greater, including the financial planning of your company.
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