Definition of Coordination: Objectives, Types, and Scope of Coordination
Basically, the notion of coordination is an integral part of all managerial functions and become the core of management science. So, what is the sense of coordination and how examples of good coordination? Here we will describe the complete answer for you.
Definition of Coordination
Etymologically, the word coordination is absorbed from English, coordination which has the meaning of activities to curb, regulate or create all things running smoothly together.
So if seen based on the origin, then the meaning of coordination is an actualization of very complex elements so that all can be integrated and can cooperate effectively and harmoniously.
Whereas in management science, the meaning of coordination is various activities that are done with the aim of integrating the purpose and work plans that have previously been set in all elements.
We all certainly understand that an organization has various departments and the number of people with backgrounds, opinions, views and types of different jobs. In the science of management, these differences should be integrated with good coordination in order to achieve the objectives previously set by the organization together.
George Robert Terry explained that in the coordination process, there are four conditions that must be met. First, it must have the feeling to be able to work together. Second, the spirit of competition between departments so that each department can compete in doing the best.
Third, have a team spirit so that every part of the organization can appreciate. Fourth, have a sense of solidarity so that all team members can help each other.
To that end, all departments in the organization must be a cohesive part of the unit to be able to maximize its performance. Thus, the coordination function that is useful to set the various attempts to integrate a range of actions to run smoothly.
Understanding Coordination by experts
- George Robert Terry
Terry believes that the definition of coordination is an effort that is synchronized and organized in order to provide the right amount and time, and also directs execution to give birth to an act in harmony and harmonious on predetermined objectives.
- E.F.L. Brech
Brech said that coordination is activity to maintain and balance the team by ensuring proper distribution of tasks for each member, and noticed that task can be done in harmony.
- David H. McFarland
McFarland argues that the meaning of coordination is a form of processes in which the leadership of developing their business patterns regularly between subordinates and ensuring every action can be achieved in accordance with the aim.
- James D. Mooney and Alan C. Riley
Mooney and Reiley explained that the meaning of coordination is an effort carried out regularly in a group to be able to give birth to an action simultaneously in achieving goals.
- Sondang P. Siagian
Siagian said that the meaning of coordination is an arrangement related to interest in every joint venture in order to achieve a form of uniformity of actions to achieve mutual goals.
- Indonesia Dictionary
Reporting from Indonesian dictionary or KBBI, the notion of coordination itself has two meanings, namely arranging an organization or activity that every act and regulations that do not collide with each other, the second meaning is to combine grammatical units that are flush with the nature of the conjunction coordinative.
Types of coordination
In the process of implementation, coordination is divided into two, namely coordination based on the scope and based on coordination flow.
1. Coordination based on scope
Differentiated coordination based on the scope is divided into two parts. First internal coordination, which has the meaning of relations between levels of managers, departments, executives, branches, divisions and employees or anyone who works in an organization with the aim of harmonizing the objectives and activities of the work units contained in the organization.
Both external coordination, namely a form of relationship between organizations and employees with its external environment, such as consumers, communities, suppliers, financial institutions, government institutions, competitors, etc.
2. Coordination Based Flow
When viewed by the flow, the coordination is divided into two, namely the coordination of vertical and horizontal coordination. Vertical coordination is the coordination done by everyone in the organization and should be able to ensure that all these people can perform tasks that are integrated and in accordance with the rules of the organization.
Vertical coordination is related to the direction as well as the unification of the instruction that comes from every supervisor unit, such as a marketing manager who coordinate tasks with supervisors. But on the other hand, all the marketing supervisor must work in harmony with the sales manager.
While the horizontal coordination is the coordination that exists between some units work department at the same level of management hierarchy. An example is the coordination between the marketing department with the department of warehousing.
Benefits and Purpose Coordination
Based on the above explanation, we can take the conclusion that the meaning of coordination is a process in integrating all activities in the form of work implementation between individuals in an organization to achieve predetermined goals.
And based on the explanation of the benefits and objectives of coordination are as follows:
1. Purpose of Coordination
Taliziduhu Ndraha explains there are three objectives of coordination. First, to give birth and keep the effectiveness of the organization as well as possible to harmonize the various activities dependent on an organization.
Second, prevent conflict, and also gave birth to the best possible efficiency on different types of interdependent activities that vary with the binding agreement between all interested parties. Third, give birth and keep the atmosphere attitude of caring and responsive to each independent unit and the different interdependent, so that the work unit performance can not be tampered with.
2. Benefits Coordination
Hani Handoko explained that there are six benefits that will be felt by an organization if it is capable of running with good coordination. First, it can prevent the feeling of spite among different individuals within the organization. Second, to prevent any negative ratings that other departments is an important department.
Third, to prevent disputes between parts department. Fourth, to prevent the vacuum work on an activity. Lastly, gave birth to their awareness of the employees to be able to help each other.
Scope of Coordination
George R Terry in his book, Principles of Management explained that there are four scope of coordination, the coordination of the individual, the coordination between individuals within a group, coordination between groups within an enterprise, and coordination between the companies.
1. Coordination of Individuals
Based on the science of organizational management, coordination of the individual has no connection or not directly related to the management of the organization. However, the ability of an individual to organize or finish the responsibility handed over the organization will be able to give a good impact in the achievement of company and personal goals.
2. Coordination Between Individuals in Group A
Coordination that exists among individuals is one of the main keys to success in a group. This can be seen from a company or a sports team. Coordination that exists within a group and the allocation of tasks and communication is established well able to make these groups can work together well. Thus, objectives or goals can be achieved seizure group.
3. Coordination between groups in a company
Every organization or company certainly has a division responsible for certain fields. The form of coordination between the divisions must be carried out properly and aligned so that various processes and their objectives can be achieved.
4. Coordination between companies
A good relationship with outside parties is needed by the organization or company in order to achieve the previous goal has been established. Various coordination activities carried out with outsiders must certainly be able to be adjusted to the external environment itself.
For example, a company that must adapt to government rules, political and economic conditions, business competition, and other things that occur globally.
Based on the above, we can draw the conclusion that the definition of coordination is a management function to ensure each department and different groups can work together in an integrated manner. Coordination will also promote harmony in performing various tasks and activities in order to achieve organizational goals of the company.
Thus, understanding the actual coordination is a rule that is orderly in an effort to unify action to achieve the goal. In order for your business is growing and increase the number of your customers do not forget to advertise through the service Froggy Ads, you can begin to advertise your products, so that later you can increase visitors to your online business portal. Froggy Ads is an online advertising service that can help you control all of your product campaigns. help you target your marketing target that you want and gives you many options to market your products.