Construction management, the key to the success of a development project
Basically, construction management will always involve many processes and also requirements. This is an important foundation for each development project as well as the key to the success of a development project.
The purpose of construction management is to be increasingly stable in controlling and monitoring the level of progress of a project in terms of quality, cost, and also time. This includes a broader spectrum of responsibility and spreads in various sectors, such as housing, agriculture, institutions, industries and many more.
In this case, the construction manager has a very important role in ensuring the success of the project. Because, planning in a construction project often changes, so a manager is needed who is able to maintain the level of stability and also facilitates coordination between teams.
However, there will be many other factors that have a big impact on the success of the construction project.
Well, so that we better understand the construction management, then we will share in full on various processes and principles contained in construction management.
Definition of Construction Management
So, construction management is a science that studies and also performs various managerial aspects and construction industry technology. Another meaning of construction management is a business capital carried out by a construction consultant in providing advice and assistance in a development project.
CMMA or the Construction Management Association of America explains that there are seven main categories that are the responsibility of a construction manager. Some of them are as follows:
- Management project
- Price management
- Time management
- Quality management
- Contract administration
- Safety management
- Professional practice.
Duties and Responsibilities of the Construction Manager
Simply put, the construction manager contained in construction management is those who are given responsibility for a project in order to run according to the company’s plan. Their main mission is to ensure the completion of the project based on the budget and also the time previously agreed upon.
In addition, they must also ensure that the entire project that is done has complied with various existing building regulations.
The role of general contractors
Construction managers must also be prepared in terms of looking for contractors when they have completed the design stage. This general contractor is responsible for several things, namely being the backbone of the project, coordination of work, resource allocation, and problem solving when the problem arises.
There are at least two types of contractors in general. First, those who do various tasks based on the vision of the architect and also designers. Second, those responsible for the implementation and manufacture of the design of a project.
So, general contractors play an important role during the development process and they have their own responsibilities, depending on their involvement while working on the project design stage.
Main Function of Construction Management
Every construction project certainly has certain goals that you want to achieve. However, this goal is often overlapping. Well, in cases like this, the construction manager must have the right strategy. They must be able to provide the right explanation for each stakeholder to prevent a dispute that can inhibit the smooth smoothness of the project.
Well, here are some summary of construction management functions based on this.
- Applying the objectives and also the scope of the project clearly. It also includes schedules settings, setting work standards, carrying out cost budgeting, and also choosing workers.
- Conduct increased resource allocation by improving the procurement process and also equipment management.
- Run various operational tasks as a result of coordination and monitoring effectively from all processes, such as design, contract, planning, etc.
- Build a strong communication channel in order to avoid or resolve the conflict on the project.
Steps to win the construction project
The process of bidding or bidding requires a long time and also challenging. Indicators that can influence the difficulty of this bidding process are due to the total number of contractors who submit offers in the project.
Well, this process can begin when the project owner provides information related to the project with the contractor and also subcontractors to obtain offers.
First, estimates must be made by project design. Thus, the client will have an idea related to the budget needed by the General Contractor to be able to do the project. There are two kinds of offers that can be anticipated by the contractor, namely:
- Open offers: generally more able to attract attention and very common in terms of public construction projects. In an open project offer, each contractor has the same opportunity in submitting an offer.
- Closed offers: Generally often used by private projects. In this case, the client can invite certain contracting teams to do and also submit offers.
After the project owner receives offers from contractors, generally they will decide the winner based on three main things, namely the supply price, value, and the qualification of contractors.
Then, after the contractor has been selected, then each party must be able to find a payment model that is in accordance with the project to be done. There are at least three types of payment models that can be selected, namely lumpsum, unit prices and also plus services.
Stages of Construction Management
After completing the bidding and signature process, the construction project can begin. The building project management is very different from project management on other types. However, there are several principles that are generally always available. Usually, the construction project is carried out with five stages, namely:
Before the start of a project, the construction manager must be able to make a project feasibility report and also submit it to those who have interests in it so they can determine whether they can continue the project according to the plan. If all parties have agreed, the construction manager can collect a number of project initiation documents in which include the scope and business needs.
At this stage, project managers must be able to plan plans that include information related to various important aspects of the project, such as cost estimates and also workflows.
In this stage the actual construction project will begin. This stage generally consists of two processes, namely the implementation of the project and also controls or monitoring a process. During this process, the project team must be able to ensure that all tasks have been running smoothly. Meetings must be held regularly in order to comply with every aspect and also the construction process.
A construction manager must be able to provide a lot of time to oversee the project and adjust the schedule with changes and various problems that can occur. This is in order to maintain project control which is the responsibility.
The last stage in project work is the project settlement. In it, the construction manager must re-examine whether the project has succeeded in fulfilling the various initial goals and whether the project can be completed based on the initial budget estimate. Then, managers must compile a report and present the final project.
Tips for Optimizing Construction Project Scheduling
As a project manager, you must be able to complete the project in a timely manner. why? Because the project that is stalled will spend more costs and put the team under pressure.
Therefore, construction projects require a solution that is able to provide complete visibility throughout the process and also facilitate the stakeholders of the project to drive every detail. The following are the four basic components of scheduling in construction management:
1. Real-time task allocation
Project managers must be able to make, set and also prioritize their duties in real time during the development of construction projects. So, they can ensure that all problems can be resolved in a timely and can avoid job delays.
2. Share the schedule to workers
If all tasks have been given, and have set a clear plan, then you must be able to inform all workers involved.
3. Communication with subcontractors
One of the most common problems in construction management is the lack of trust in the entire supply chain. So, subcontractors eventually delay their duties for fear of previous subcontractors unable to complete work in a timely manner.
This will cause a significant postponement of projects and construction sites can be abandoned for weeks.
Thus the complete explanation of us about construction management. So, construction management is a science that studies and also performs various managerial aspects and construction industry technology. This management is an important key for the success of a construction project.
Various functions, duties and tips in maximizing the construction management above must be able to understand more clearly, so that the construction projects you are currently living can provide maximum results.
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